Electrochemical nitric oxide sensor based on conducting polymers / Sensores eletroquímicos de óxodo nítrico baseados em polímeros condutores




In this work, electrochemical sensors for nitric oxide (NO) amperometric detection were prepared. For this purpose nickel tetrasulfonated phthalocyanine (NiTsPc) and poly(5-amino 1-naphthol) (poly(5-NH2 1-NAP)) modified with cytochrome c were applied. NiTsPc was electropolymerized by cyclic voltammery at platinum electrode and were electrochemically characterized in differents pHs. NO amperometric detections were very sensitive, but the electrode does not present satisfactory selectivity, and because of this, the material was replaced by poly(5-NH2 1-NAP) modified with cytochrome c. The immobilization was characterized by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical crystal microbalance. NO amperometric detection has been carried out by applying -0.6 V and it was observed that the current due the NO sensing was only observed at the second day after protein immobilization. This can be related with cytochrome c structural change. For nanostructuring the surface of Poly(5-NH2 1-NAP) it was electropolymerized on carbon nanotubes felt electrodes and cytochrome c was immobilized. As well as the bulk electrode, the nanostructured one did not sense NO immediately after the cytochrome c immobilization, being possible to observe current only after the second day displaying a much better performance due to its high superficial area.


sensores químicos (desenvolvimento) poly (5-amino 1-naphthol) sensor poli(5-amino 1-naftol) nitric oxide conducting polymer nickel tetrasulfonated phthalocyanine Óxido nítrico sensor cytochrome electrochemistry polímero condutor citocromo c eletroquímica ftalocianina tetrasulfonada de níquel

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