Effects of the essential oil from Eucalyptus globulus Labill on aflatoxin producer species / Efeito do óleo essencial de Eucalyptus globulus sobre espécies produtoras de aflatoxinas




Literature describes some natural plants composites that are used to preserve food and to control fungi and bacteria development in plants, grains, cereals and derivatives. The objective of this research was evaluate the effect in vitro of the Eucalyptus globulus essential oil and its major component over mycelial growth and aflatoxin production by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. The chemical oil composition, analyzed by gas chromatography connected to mass spectra, showed that 1,8-cineole is the major compound with 89.95%. Thus, the essential oil and the 1,8-cineole were evaluated by the contact and volatiles action. For both analyzed fungi, the oil and the compound action promoted throughout volatile compound were statically more efficient than the action promoted throughout contact. Considering the oil dose of 500µL and so forth, the fungi behaviors were similar independently of the action modes, with more than 90% of mycelial inhibition. The 1,8-cineole compound did not demonstrate the same efficiency that the essential oil did, producing some inhibitory effect only in the dose of 1.500µL, with only 5.5% of inhibition of mycelial growth. It was verified that the essential oil and 1,8-cineole compound did not cease the aflatoxins production in both fungi, even with the inhibition of mycelial growth.


aflatoxins essential oil Óleo essencial aflatoxinas eucalypto aspergillus fungi aspergillus fungos gas chromatography eucalipto cromatografia gasosa capilar

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