Effect of monocyte migration on low density lipoprotein transport across aortic endothelial cell monolayers.


Endothelial cell monolayers on polycarbonate filters present a barrier to low density lipoprotein (LDL) and albumin transport. These cells form a relatively tight monolayer as shown by measurements of electrical resistance across the monolayer (15 omega-cm2). Monocytes are able to migrate freely across the monolayers in response to chemotactic stimuli. Monocyte chemotaxis across the monolayer caused a marked increase in LDL and albumin transport across the monolayer in the direction of monocyte migration. However, transport in the opposite direction was not significantly increased. These results suggest that monocyte migration across the endothelium could lead to an increased LDL content of the intima.

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