Direitos sociais no Brasil: Programa Bolsa Família e transferência de renda


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




Our 1988 Federal Constitution, its objectives and fundamental rights, a social reality that is marred by inequality and poverty and social public policies as instruments for the maximum constitutional realization form the pillars of this paper. In the course followed by this Political Letter in search of a free, fair and solidary society, in the context of a democratic process that is being consolidated in Brazil, the programs that provide citizens with a minimum income have been regarded as a strong ally in fighting its historical social inequality, highlighting the much needed articulation of this democratic process with the tensions derived from the relation between the state and the society, political involvement, market and distributive fairness. In face of this realization, the Bolsa Familia Program, in special, is evaluated taking into account its surroundings as to its design and implementation, as well as the obstacles met along the way and the changes it has undergone in its six years in order to reach its initial objectives, i.e., to eradicate hunger and to change the poverty existing in the country. Therefore, we identify traits that characterize it, consolidating itself as an innovative social policy that extends citizenship and, on the other hand, the perspectives of those who consider it another policy that only maintains the conservative political practices. Highlighting the conditionals of the program in view of the target population and the parallel created between the constitutional universalization of social rights and the focus that characterizes this policy. Figures that show the economical development of the country since the creation of the Bolsa Familia are analyzed, with a focus on the Technical Notes published by the IPEA in the years 2006 and 2010 aiming to show the behavior of the inequality in the income in Brazil from the 70s, having as a support, the Gini Coefficient. In this approach, a few variables that influence the income distribution in the country, among them, education inequality and race/gender. Finally, we take a look at the principles of human dignity, social solidarity and social justice whose respect is closely related to the global priorities of poverty reduction and sustainable development.


bolsa familia program fundamental rigths transferência de renda programa bolsa família direitos sociais direitos fundamentais direito social rights income transfer

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