Differential Effect of Irradiance and Nutrient Nitrate on the Relationship of in Vivo and in Vitro Nitrate Reductase Assay in Chlorophyllous Tissues 1


Growth at increasing continuous irradiance (at high nutrient nitrate) and nutrient nitrate concentrations (at high continuous irradiance) furnished increases in the in vivo and in vitro nitrate reductase activities of corn (Zea mays L.), field peas (Pisum arvense L.), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), and globe amaranth (Gomphrena globosa L.) leaves and of marrow (Cucurbita pepo L.) cotyledons. Ratios of in vivo to in vitro activity declined exponentially in all species with increasing nitrate reductase levels promoted by nutrient nitrate. The ratios were more nearly independent of nitrate reductase levels generated by adjusting the irradiance; major exceptions were marrow and wheat at low (1.5 klux and less) irradiances and peas throughout the irradiance range, where decreases in the ratio were accompanied by increases in in situ nitrate concentration. The ratio also increased at the highest irradiance (39.2 klux) in wheat and barley, associated with a decline of in vitro nitrate reductase. These differences in response to irradiance and nutrient nitrate indicate that the in vivo assay does not provide a simple measure of nitrate reductase but rather yields a more composite measure of nitrate reduction, possibly related both to nitrate reductase level and to the supply of reductant for in vivo activity.

Documentos Relacionados