DeterminaÃÃo de fatores de influÃncia no acesso aos serviÃos de saneamento no estado do Cearà / Determination of factors of influence on access to sanitation services in the state of CearÃ




ABSTRACT The positive externalities occasioned by the basic sanitation, included the access to the service at the regulatory mark of the sector. In this context the supply enlargement turns up as a necessary condition, but not enough for a deficit reduction of these services. As we pursue to answer the investigative problem of this work - ? Which reasons determine the chance for the economic agent reside in a domicile with a determined alternative of sanitation? â It is intended to reach the research goal: provide information in order to orientate public policy which may propitiate the effective usage of the sanitation systems. A bivariate logit model was utilized to test the following hypothesis: there are more attributes concurring to the sanitation services for families with a lesser schooling; and electric illumination is a concurring attribute to the sewerage system through the general net. The model is supported on the Consumer Theory, whose satisfaction level increases as he resides in a domicile with a larger number of attributes and in the Theory of HedonicPrices, since the sanitation services are incorporated to the model as one among several available attributes in the domicile demanded by the economic agent. The results show that the exogenous variable schooling is effectively relevant to explain the access to sanitation services, especially those of sewerage. We verify, however that, the results observed in national context may not reflect the regional reality, so that some representative variables of models in national plan were not confirmed in local concept.


ciencias sociais aplicadas logit bivariado bivariate logit preÃos hedÃnicos hedonic prices saneamento sanitation

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