Desenvolvimento da infra-estrutura embarcada do projeto AURORA




Unmanned semi-autonomous aerial vehicles present a great and unexplored potential in aerial inspection and research, collecting data &om the environment. Such vehicles allow the user to define the region that must be monitored, data spatial and temporal resolution in which the data must be acquired, and the most adequate type of sensor for each kind of mlSSlon. However, the development ofsuch kind ofvehicle is a very complex task because it involves on one hand the integration of a great number of different hardware devices (computers, sensors, actuators, data transmission link), and on the other hand the development of the software responsible for executing, in real-time, the communication between these devices, and also for providing the control and navigation capability for the vehicle. The definition and the establishment of an architecture, both hardware and software, is the basic element to do the development of an adequate integrated intTastructure, capable of supporting the autonomous operation of the robotic vehicle. The main objective of this text is to present the developrnent of the ernbedded infrastructure of AURORA s Project, which aims at the development of unmanned airships with high autonomy levels for aerial inspection applications. This text covers the following subjects: hardware devices used in the embedded system; solutions to integrate these devices; and also the embedded software, which in responsible for the treatrnent of sensorial data, generation of commands for the actuators and, also, to provide an environment for the development, test and validation of the control and navigation algorithms. The software development was realized using the most modero software engineering techniques, which allowed an accelerated process of implementation and tests. The validation of the developed infrastructure was made in real flights in which the airship was remotely controlled and also through semi-automatic flights. The collected telemetry data allowed the observation of the flights in real-time and also were used in a posterior analysis, validating the correct functioning of the airship s embedded system. The main contribution of this work was the development of an embedded system appropriate to be used in autonomous robotic systems, which was validated experimentally in real operation conditions. The most relevant results are: a suitable ernbedded system for the development of autonomous robotic systems, including the definition of the embedded hardware and integration of the ernbedded sensors; a dedicated real-time embedded software and; simulation infrastructure that allows the test of control and navigation algorithms


aeronaves mais pesadas que o ar sensoriamento remoto sistemas embutidos de computador telemetria aeroespacial

Documentos Relacionados