Dental caries, human development and odontological services in the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2000-2006. / Cárie dentária, desenvolvimento humano e serviços odontológicos no estado de São Paulo, Brasil, 2000-2006




The State of Sao Paulo has a high concentration of dental surgeons, but the social and financial inequality presented there and the difference in the distribution of professionals throughout the region do not collaborate for equity in the offering and access to the odontological services in Primary Health Care. The aim of this ecological study was to describe the relationship between the indicators of dental caries experience, social development and offer and access to odontological services, during the period of 2000 to 2006, analyzed according to the areas covered by the Regional Health Departments of the State of Sao Paulo (DRS). Indicators were used from a review of documents and from consultation of the data base of the Foundation of the State System of Data Analysis (SEADE), of the Informatics Department of SUS (DATASUS), of the Institute of Economic and Applied Research (IPEA), of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) and of the State Health Secretary of Sao Paulo (SES-SP). The information gathered was, the Indicator CPOD (12 years), Human Development Index of the municipalities of Sao Paulo (IDHM), the number of dental surgeons (CD) registered at the Regional Council of Odontology of the State of Sao Paulo (CRO-SP), the number of CD in the area of health in the municipality and the Basic Care Indicators Pact 2006 for oral health. The data were organized in maps, using the analysis of spatial distribution, which allowed visual observation of its relationships. The lowest values of CPO-D were found in DRS (DRS I, DRS IV) that had higher indicators of human development. In the region of low IDH-M (DRS XII), lower numbers of CDs registered at the CROSP, within the public service and less offers and access to the basic services of oral health were observed. DRS located in the regions with better IDH-M and with higher populations (DRS I, DRS IV, DRS VII) also showed some difficulties in the offering of and access to these services. The offer was greater at DRS located in the north of the State and with smaller population sizes. Even at the DRS with low IDHM, as with higher, the supervised action of tooth brushing was offered, but with low cover. The percentage of specialized odontological procedures in relation to individual odontological actions was greater at the DRS located in the regions of high IDH and at the ones that have a Center of Odontological Specialties (CEO). The experience of dental caries in the State of Sao Paulo, during the period of 2000 to 2006, showed significant correlation to the indicator of human development. The improvement on oral healths indicators depends on comprehensive policies, having as target the human development and also strategic actions to the populations from regions that present low socioeconomic indicators.


descriptive epidemiology serviços de saúde health services primary health care atenção básica dental caries epidemiologia descritiva cárie dentária

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