De-NOx Performance and Mechanism of Mn-Based Low-Temperature SCR Catalysts Supported on Foamed Metal Nickel


J. Braz. Chem. Soc.




A series of manganese-based catalysts supported on foamed metal nickel (FMN) with various Mn/Ni ratios was prepared for low-temperature selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO with NH3 (NH3-SCR). The effects of calcination temperature, amount of added Mn, optimal operating conditions, and H2O on the elimination of nitrogen oxides (de-NOx) performance of catalysts were studied. The catalysts were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and temperature-programmed desorption experiments of NH3 analyses. The experimental results revealed that the Mn7.5/FMN catalyst calcined at 350 ºC exhibited the best NO conversion that was ca. 100% at 120-200 ºC. Moreover, it had excellent H2O tolerance. The superior activity of the Mn7.5/FMN catalyst, which was calcined at 350 ºC, was attributed to the presence of amorphous manganese oxide, more unsaturated Ni atoms and structural defects, an increase in NH3 adsorbance, and the number of surface acid sites. Based on these studies, we established that the reaction of the NH3-SCR with Mn7.5/FMN catalyst mainly exhibits an Eley-Rideal mechanism.

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