Contribution of membrane lipids to the ability of the photosynthetic machinery to tolerate temperature stress.
The contribution of the unsaturation of membrane lipids to the ability of the photosynthetic machinery to tolerate temperature stress was studied in a transgenic cyanobacterium. Anacystis nidulans R2-SPc was transformed with the desA gene, which encodes the Delta12-desaturase that desaturates the fatty acids of membrane lipids in Synechocystis PCC6803. The transformant acquired the ability to introduce a second double bond into palmitoleic and oleic acids. The transformation enhanced the tolerance of the photosynthetic machinery to chilling stress but it had no detectable effect on the ability to tolerate heat stress. The transformation itself did not have any effect on photosynthetic activity. These results imply that an increase in the unsaturation of membrane lipids enhances the tolerance of the photosynthetic machinery toward chilling stress but not toward heat stress and that such an increase does not affect photosynthesis within the range of physiological temperatures.
ACESSO AO ARTIGOhttp://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=43767
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