Contribuições metodológicas para o desenvolvimento de produtos em tecnologia assistiva


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




The group of people with special needs has increasingly been inserted in the regular public school. In order to inclusion occurs in fact actions are necessary in different areas of knowledge. The accessibility of the school permeates the architectural infrastructure, books, teachers, transportation and all the products necessary to make the daily life of a disabled person. According to the school census of the Ministry of Education (MEC, BRAZIL, 2006), 79.65% of students with special needs are people in wheelchairs and it was observed that the furniture is not appropriate for the students in these conditions, who use it poorly or drop it out. Given this perspective, one of the objectives of this study was to identify the factors that lead to the abandonment of assistive devices. In this study, through observation in public schools and educational institutions to the public with special needs, a survey of school furniture was developed. Through an association among the processes of product development for the engineering, design and assistive technology, it was possible to delineate a contribution to the methodology for product design in assistive technology realm. Thus, contributions were provided to the methodology for product design to the people with special needs. The focus of this research was the work surface for people in wheelchairs in the public elementary schools. The customization of products for people with special needs is an impediment to industrial production, and therefore, the cooperation of this study indicates a method that seeks to ensure the scale of production while customizing the products according to the users¿ needs. For the development of this study, it was analyzed the models of tables used in the classroom, the models proposed by manufacturers, articles by researchers that studied the subject, legislation and related regulations. The purpose of this study was to establish a base product, to which accessories would be aggregated according to the bio-psychosocial needs and characteristics of different users.


working surface tecnologia assistiva special needs desenvolvimento de produto product design methodology mobiliário escolar assistive technology inclusão social design de produto inclusion in education

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