Composite Films from Polystyrene with Hydroxyl end Groups and Carbon Nanotubes


Mat. Res.




Composites from polystyrene with hydroxyl end groups and multiwall carbon nanotubes were fabricated to evaluate their properties. The Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) were synthetized by chemical vapor deposition technique using ferrocene and benzene as precursors. Polystyrene with hydroxyl end groups was prepared by solution polymerization employing styrene as monomer, 2-mercaptoethanol as chain transfer agent and AIBN as initiator. Thin films were obtained by two methods: pouring into petri dishes and dip-coating slides. CNTs were characterized to identify morphology and characteristic spectroscopic signals. The polystyrene with hydroxyl end groups and composites were analyzed by SEM, FTIR, Raman and UV-vis spectroscopies, Vickers microhardness and electrical resistivity. Raman analysis demonstrated chemical interactions between CNTs and polystyrene. Results showed that resistivity and transparency decreased by increasing CNTs concentrations in composites; transmittance was about 80% with 0.8 wt% content of nanotubes. The highest Vickers hardness registered value was at 1.6 wt% CNTs concentration.

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