Comparative Assessment of stabilised Polybutadiene Binder under Accelerated Ageing


J. Aerosp. Technol. Manag.




ABSTRACT Polybutadiene elastomers are versatile materials, being employed at several applications from rocket propellant binder to adhesives and sealants. The elastomers derived from hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene are usually stabilised with antioxidants to prevent degradation. In this study, a comparative assessment among 2,2’-methylene-bis (4-methyl-6-tert-butylphenol) (AO2246), 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol (BHT), p-phenylenediamine (pPDA), and triphenylphosphine (TPP) regarding stabilisation of hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene binder under accelerated ageing (six months at 65 °C) was carried out. Evaluation of antioxidants effectiveness was examined through Oxidation Induction Time, sol/gel extraction, swelling and mechanical testing, dynamic mechanical analysis, and mass variation measurement. AO2246 yielded the best performance, meanwhile BHT was poorly protective. TPP acted as prooxidant, causing a severe degradation of the binder, and pPDA was not manageable to be assessed due to the lower curing degree of the resulted polyurethane.

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