Combinação de modelos de campos aleatórios markovianos para classificação contextual de imagens multiespectrais / Combining markov random field models for multispectral image contextual classification




This work presents a novel MAP-MRF approach for multispectral image contextual classification by combining higher-order Markov Random Field models. The statistical modeling follows the Bayesian paradigm, with the definition of a multispectral Gaussian Markov Random Field model for the observations and a Potts MRF model to represent the a priori knowledge. In this scenario, the Potts MRF model parameter (β) plays the role of a regularization parameter by controlling the tradeoff between the likelihood and the prior knowledge, in a way that a suitable tunning for this parameter is required for a good performance in contextual classification. The introduction of higher-order MRF models requires the specification of novel parameter estimation methods. One of the contributions of this work is the definition of novel pseudo-likelihood equations for the estimation of these MRF parameters in second and third order neighborhood systems. Despite its widely usage in practical MRF applications, little is known about the accuracy of maximum pseudo-likelihood approach. Approximations for the asymptotic variance of the proposed MPL estimators were derived, completely characterizing their behavior in the limiting case, allowing statistical inference and quantitative analysis. From the statistical modeling and having the model parameters estimated, the next step is the multispectral image classification. The solution for this Bayesian inference problem is given by the MAP criterion, where the optimal solution is obtained by maximizing the a posteriori distribution, defining an optimization problem. As there is no analytical solution for this problem in case of Markovian priors, combinatorial optimization algorithms are required to approximate the optimal solution. In this work, we use three suboptimal methods: Iterated Conditional Modes, Maximizer of the Posterior Marginals and Game Strategy Approach, a variant approach based on non-cooperative game theory. However, it has been shown that these methods converge to local maxima solutions, since they are extremelly dependent on the initial condition. This fact motivated the development of a novel approach for combination of contextual classifiers, by making use of multiple initializations at the same time, where each one of these initial conditions is provided by different pointwise pattern classifiers. The proposed methodology defines a robust MAP-MRF framework for the solution of general inverse problems since it allows the use and integration of several initial conditions in a variety of applications as image classification, denoising and restoration. To evaluate the performance of the classification results, two statistical measures are used to verify the agreement between the classifiers output and the ground truth: Cohens Kappa and Kendalls Tau coefficient. The obtained results show that the use of higher-order neighborhood systems is capable of significantly improve not only the classification performance, but also the MRF parameter estimation by reducing both the estimation error and the asymptotic variance. Additionally, the combination of contextual classifiers through the use of multiple initializations also improves the classificatoin performance, when compared to the traditional single initialization approach.


análise assintótica campos aleatórios markovianos asymptotic analysis contextual classification inferência bayesiana máxima pseudo verossimilhança markov random fields multispectral images imagens multiespectrais maximum pseudo-likelihood bayesian inference classificação contextual

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