Cidadania interditada : um estudo de condominios horizontais fechados (São Carlos - SP)




This work is located at the interface of Town Planning, Law and Sociology (particularly Studies on Consumption and on Social Reproduction) and has the objective of understanding the processes of production and reproduction of segregated housing spaces and their consequences for citizenship in the urban space. The fieldwork was developed in both horizontal closed condominiums and ordinary "open" districts of São Carlos, a medium size town in São Paulo State. In the fieldwork the existence of different representations in relation to the choice of segregated housing was revealed. In the process of work the reasons given by interviewees to justify the choice of closed housing - safety, family life and children s education - were analyzed. The safety argument was found to be relative and status and distinction marks were explored. In a broad analysis of consumption, not considered as the last stage in the process of production but as including projects and life-style, questions such as conspicuous consumption and the emergence of desires were discussed. The role of the family was understood to be crucial to the deciphering, production and reproduction of the codes related to the making of the status and marks of distinction. Questions related to space were addressed, following recent studies that call for multidisciplinary research into microspaces. In the stage of analysis and interpretation of data from the fieldwork, the studies of Pierre Bourdieu constituted the main theoretical framework used, particularly his notions of habítus, choice, representations, consumption of cultural products and symbolic market. Studies by M. Davis on questions of urbanization, architecture and safety, and by C. Campbell on the process of consumption and the emergence of new desires, were also very important. Finally, the work presents practical suggestions to the Municipal Authorities in the sense of indicating some solutions that bring together two types of basic rights (i.e. present in the Federal Bill of Rights): the right to move and to physical integrity. These suggestions may apply to medium size urban centers, because it is believed that in medium size towns the process of closing public areas is in its beginning and its course can be reoriented


condominio (habitação) - são carlos (sp) sociologia cidades e vilas - medidas de segurança escolha social planejamento urbano

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