Ciclooxigenase-2 modula in vivo a expressão de marcadores da osteoclastogênese e genes envolvidos no metabolismo ósseo em resposta ao lipopolissacarídeo bacteriano / Ciclooxygenase-2 modulates in vivo the expression of osteoclastiogenesis makers and genes involved in bone metabolism in response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




During an inflammatory response, several mediators are locally released in order to stimulate cellular and humoral immune response. Through the action of cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase enzymes structural changes occur in the arachidonic acid chain leading to synthesis of prostaglandins or leukotrienes and lipoxins, respectively. Such mediators are responsible for the regulation of RANK, RANKL and OPG gene expression, osteoclastogenesis modulators. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the expression of messenger RNA (mRNA) for the enzymes involved in arachidonic acid metabolism, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO), and the osteoclastogenesis mediators (RANK, RANKL and OPG) in bone tissue after injection of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in murine dental root canals. Then, COX-2 pathway was pharmacologically blocked for investigation of expression of osteoclastogenesis mediators and genes involved in bone metabolism. We used 144 C57BL/6 mice, 6 weeks-old, weighing 18-20 grams, which had the first molars root canals inoculated with a solution containing LPS from E. coli (0.1, 1.0 and 10 mg/ml). After 7, 14, 21 and 28 days the animals were euthanized and the tooth-and-bone blocks were removed for total RNA extraction. Subsequently, the evaluation of gene expression was performed by reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction in real time (qRT-PCR). Global analysis of mRNA expression for proteins involved in bone metabolism was performed using PCR arrays (Osteogenesis RT² Profiler PCR Array). The values for relative expression of each mRNA for each group were compared using two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Bonferroni post-test or one-way ANOVA followed by Dunnett\ s test (α=0.05). The injection of LPS into the root canals was induced expression of genes PTGS2 and ALOX5, responsible for encoding COX-2 and 5-LO enzymes, involved in the metabolism of arachidonic acid, simultaneously to the modulation of gene expression of TNFRSF11A, TNFSF11 and TNFRSF11B, responsible for encoding the osteoclastogenesis modulators RANK, RANKL and OPG, respectively. Administration of Indomethacin, a non-selective inhibitor of COX-2, inhibited the expression of mRNA for RANK and RANKL and stimulated the expression of OPG during the initial response to the root canals contamination with LPS. Inhibition of the COX-2 pathway from arachidonic acid metabolism in the initial periods of response to LPS injection into the root canals differentially modulated the expression of genes involved in bone catabolism and anabolism, indicating possible roles for mediators derived from arachidonic acid in the regulation of bone metabolism. These results suggest important therapeutic targets for early intervention in inflammatory diseases such as apical periodontitis to avoid resorption of bone tissue.


5-lipoxigenase 5-lipoxygenase bacterial lipopolysaccharide bone metabolism ciclooxigenase-2 cyclooxygenase-2 indometacina indomethacin lipopolissacarídeo bacteriano metabolismo ósseo opg opg osteoclastogênese osteoclastogenesis rank rank rankl rankl

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