Changes in fetal renal function in response to infusions of a hyperosmotic solution of mannitol to the ewe.
Lumbers, E R
In six pregnant ewes a reduction in transplacental water transfer was produced by increasing maternal osmolality (by infusion of 180 g of mannitol in 500 ml of 0.15 M-sodium chloride) and the fetal renal responses to this reduction in water transfer were studied. These responses were compared with the renal responses of five other chronically catheterized fetal lambs whose mothers received I.V. infusions of 500 ml of 0.15 M-sodium chloride. Intravenous infusion of 500 ml of 0.15 M-sodium chloride to the ewe produced no changes in fetal plasma sodium, potassium or plasma renin activity and had no effect on fetal renal function. After I.V. infusion of mannitol to the ewe, fetal urinary flow rate fell from control levels of 0.69 +/- 0.12 ml/min to 0.32 +/- 0.04 ml/min (S.E. of mean, P less than 0.006). This fall in urinary flow rate was due to increased water reabsorption because there was no change in glomerular filtration rate and osmolar clearance. Fetal urinary sodium excretion increased from 16.2 +/- 2.0 mumol/min, to 34.2 +/- 6.9 mumol/min (S.E. of mean, P less than 0.04). This increase in fetal urinary sodium excretion was due to a fall in the fractional reabsorption of sodium which was related to this rise in fetal plasma sodium levels that occurred following infusion of mannitol to the ewe. The increases in fetal plasma sodium levels were also associated with reductions in fetal plasma renin activity.
ACESSO AO ARTIGOhttp://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1193929
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