Calcium signaling in restricted diffusion spaces.


One- and two-dimensional models of Ca2+ diffusion and regulation were developed and used to study the magnitudes and the spatial and temporal characteristics of the Ca2+ transients that are likely to develop in smooth muscle cells in restricted diffusion spaces between the plasma membrane and intracellular organelles. Simulations with the models showed that high [Ca2+] (on the order of several microM) can develop in such spaces and persist for 100-200 ms. These Ca2+ transients could: 1) facilitate the coupling of Ca2+ influx to intracellular Ca2+ release; 2) provide a mechanism for the regulation of stored Ca2+ that does not affect the contractile state of smooth muscle; 3) locally activate specific signal transduction pathways, before, or without activating other Ca2+ dependent pathways in the central cytoplasm of the cell. The latter possibility suggests that independent enzymatic processes in cells could be differentially regulated by the same intracellular second messenger.

Documentos Relacionados