Bubaline Diaphragm Matrix: Development and Clinical Assessment into Cattle Abdominal Hernia Repair


Braz. arch. biol. technol.




Abstract The purpose of the study was to develop a xenogenic bubaline diaphragm matrix (BDM) for abdominal hernia repair. A fresh diaphragm was decellularized using aqueous sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) solutions (0.5-4% w/v) over a period. Acellularity was confirmed histologically and characterized by Masson’s trichrome staining, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), DNA quantification, agarose gel electrophoresis, and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The BDM was used for clinical abdominal hernia repair in six cattle. Clinical, hemato-biochemical and antioxidant parameters were evaluated to assess biocompatibility of xenogenic BDM. Histologically, the diaphragm treated with 2% SDS for 48 h showed complete acellularity and orderly arranged collagen fibers. The SEM confirmed preservation of collagen structure and integrity. The DNA content was significantly (P < 0.05) reduced in BDM (33.12 ± 5.40 ng/mg) as compared to the native diaphragm (443.96 ± 162.60 ng/mg). DNA extracts from BDM show considerable removal of DNA material, with absence of DNA band in agarose gel. The FTIR spectrum of BDM has shown all characteristic transmittance peaks of bovine skin collagen indicating preserved collagen structure. Six cattle with BDM implant recovered uneventfully and remained sound at least upto 6 months. Hemato-biochemical and antioxidant findings were unremarkable. Bubaline diaphragm matrix shows excellent repair efficiency and biocompatibility for abdominal hernia repair in cattle without complications.

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