Brazilian Thalassemia Association protocol for iron chelation therapy in patients under regular transfusion
Verissimo, Monica Pinheiro de Almeida, Loggetto, Sandra Regina, Fabron Junior, Antonio, Baldanzi, Giorgio Roberto, Hamerschlak, Nelson, Fernandes, Juliano Lara, Araujo, Aderson da Silva, Lobo, Clarisse Lopes de Castro, Fertrin, Kleber Yotsumoto, Berdoukas, Vasilios Antonios, Galanello, Renzo
Rev. Bras. Hematol. Hemoter.
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
In the absence of an iron chelating agent, patients with beta-thalassemia on regular transfusions present complications of transfusion-related iron overload. Without iron chelation therapy, heart disease is the major cause of death; however, hepatic and endocrine complications also occur. Currently there are three iron chelating agents available for continuous use in patients with thalassemia on regular transfusions (desferrioxamine, deferiprone, and deferasirox) providing good results in reducing cardiac, hepatic and endocrine toxicity. These practice guidelines, prepared by the Scientific Committee of Associação Brasileira de Thalassemia (ABRASTA), presents a review of the literature regarding iron overload assessment (by imaging and laboratory exams) and the role of T2* magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to control iron overload and iron chelation therapy, with evidence-based recommendations for each clinical situation. Based on this review, the authors propose an iron chelation protocol for patients with thalassemia under regular transfusions.
- Guidelines on Beta-thalassemia major - regular blood transfusion therapy: Associação Brasileira de Hematologia, Hemoterapia e Terapia Celular: project guidelines: Associação Médica Brasileira - 2016
- Chelation Therapy
- Relationship of endocrinopathy to iron chelation status in young patients with thalassaemia major.
- Chelation therapy for cardiovascular disease. Review and commentary.
- Iron chelation in haematomas at fracture sites