Bem-estar psicologico e inteligencia emocional entre homens e mulheres na meia idade e velhice




Psychological well-being is a kind of self-perception about the level of adjustment regarding coping with existential challenges in adulthood and old age, reflected on positive relationships, autonomy, purpose, personal growth, personal acceptance, mastery and generativity. Emotional intelligence is the ability to manage and discriminate own and others emotions, and to make use of these informations to orient and carry on thoughts and actions, reflected on sociability, empathy, self-knowledge, self- motivation and self-valuation. We have done a research aimed at knowing relationships between these constructs at middle-age and old-age. The sample included 120 subjects, 60 aged 45-55 and 60 aged 60-69, half from each gender. Data collection included two self-report scales: the Self-Development Scale(SDS), comprising 30 items and the seven domains derived from Ryff(1989), Erikson(1950) and Mc Adams (1998), and the Measure of Emotional Intelligence (MEM), with 59 items and five domains (Siqueira, Barbosa and Alves, 2000). Data were submitted to statistical univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis. There were not found statistically significant differences among age and gender groups, concerning total scores on both scales. Regarding MEM, men scored higher than women did on selfmotivation and self-knowledge. There were significant correlations between self –motivation (MEM) and SDS´ self-acceptance, purpose, personal growth, mastery, and maintaining and offering, these related to generativity. Factorial analysis performed on SDS produced five factors:1-Psychological adjustment,self-actualization and personal growth;2-Productivity;3- Caregiving;4-Concern toward next generation;5- Commitment concerning the others. Middleaged subjects showed the highest scores on factor 5. There was significant and positive correlation between Factor 1 and MEM´s total score and self motivation. In this sample, emotional intelligence and psychological well-being did not seem independent constructs; they did not seem strongly affected by gender and age in aging persons.


meia idade saude mental gerontologia velhice

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