Bacterial and Archaeal diversity in mangrove and marisma soils / Diversidade de Bacteria e Archaea em solos de mangue e marisma




The bacterial diversity in mangrove (Brazil) and marisma (Espanha) soils are largely unknown. Bacterial communities participate in biogeochemicals processes that occurs in soils of estuarine ecosystems. Determinations of the bacterial communities structures and diversity can occur in function of different physico-chemical conditions, reflecting in the biogeochemical processes. The aim of this work was to evaluate the variation of bacterial an archaeal communities structures utilizing DGGE and partial sequencing of 16S rDNA. Bacterial community structures showed more similarity between repetitions samples than the areas under different vegetation. Phylogenetic afiliation shows that several sequences were not clamped into known phyla. Proteobacteria prevails in bacterial communities of mangrove and marisma soils. Several taxa detected are associated to important biogeochemical cycles that occur in estuarine ecosystems. Analysis of species richness showed that mangrove and marisma soils can contain 200 to 6000 species of bacteria. Methanogenic Euryarchaeota was found specially in the upper sample of mangrove sediment analysed whereas the Crenarchaeota was found specially in the lower. Based on the data obtained, it can be concluded that the vegetation is one of the factors affecting the structure of bacterial and archaeal communities in mangrove soils. Additionaly, the effects of edafic factors and seasonal variations have to be considered as determining the prokaryotic community sctuctures, and bacterial and archaeal communities can respond independently to the factors that determine their community structures. Bacterial diversity can vary with the studied estuarine ecosystem. Studies are necessary concerning to diversity of Bacteria, it variation and correlation with biogeochemical process in the mangrove and marisma soils. These soils show a great diversity of bacteria, much of than unknown, which represent a great genetic potential to the biotechnology.


dna ecologia microbiana ecossistemas de mangue archaea marisma bacteria 16s rdna diversity solos ecossistemas estuarinos soil mangrove

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