Avaliação da informação oral e escrita no conhecimento dos portadores de HIV/aids sobre medicamentos anti-retrovirais




The introduction of combination anti-retroviral therapy and the beginning of the program for free HIV treatment including free access to antiretroviral drugs had a significant impact in the reduction of HIV-related mortality and morbidity. However, the long-term use of antiretroviral drugs is still a great challenge and a substantial number of patients interrupt or abandon treatment. High adherence to the drug regimens is essential to achieve viral suppression, but it requires more from the patient than just taking the medicine as prescribed. It also means following doctors recommendations and making the necessary changes recommended in lifestyle. Access to information is seen as one of the factors that influence the patient s adherence to treatment. For the patient, as important as the desire and the motivation is the access to accurate and detailed good quality information, given in a way that makes it possible to understand and to recall it, favorably promoting their involvement in decisions related to their treatment. The objective of the present work was to find out what information HIV/AIDS patients have on antiretroviral drugs and where this information comes, to assess the need for more information and to measure the impact of oral and written information. The study was developed in a reference hospital for infectious diseases and was held in two stages. Results of the first stage show the following among the 195 respondents: 55.4% dont know what the action of the drug used in the body; 35.9% is unaware of the need to take antiretroviral drugs for life, and only 14.4% knows how to act properly in case of missing a dose. In the second stage three groups of 47 people were formed. The first group received a brochure with information on one specific antiretroviral drug and they were asked to read it; the second group received detailed oral information on the same drug and to the third group no additional information or brochures were given. The answers to the questionnaire show that the participants in the group that received oral information had highest percentage of correct answers for most questions. The results show that HIV/AIDS patients do not possess enough information about antiretroviral drugs and it also shows that oral information can be assimilated more easily to strengthen this need.


aids - dissertaÇÕes medicamentos - consumo - dissertaÇÕes saude coletiva

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