Avaliação da dureza Knoop da resina acrilica polimerizada por luz visivel, quando em contato com metal, e de sua rugosidade de superficie




The aim of this work was to evaluate and compare roughness and Knoop microhardness values of a visible light-cured resin to heat-cured resins, when in contact with metal. Therefore, twelve samples of 30 mm in diameter and 4 mm in thickness were made, containing a cobalt-chromium metal bar exposed in one of the surfaces, to each group of the according to the resin and polymerizing method: group 1) microwave oven-cured acrylic resin (Onda Cryl®); group 2) visible light-cured acrylic resin (Triad®); group 3) heat-cured in water acrylic resin (Clássico®). After processing, all samples were ground with 360, 400, 600 and 1000-grit abrasive papers in a polishing machine under refrigeration, followed by polishing cloths and 1-micron diamond suspension. Roughness of the acrylic resins were evaluated in micrometers (µm) with a surface texture measurer Surfcorder SE 1700 calibrated with a cut-off value of 0.8 mm and a tracing length of 3.2mm in 0.5mm/s. Knoop Microhardness (Kg/mm2) was assayed using a microhardness tester Shimadzu HMV-2000 set on 25 gram for 10 seconds, at 50, 100, 200, 400 and 800 µm from the metal bar. Roughness values were submitted to analysis of variance, Tukey?s test and t-test and Knoop hardness values were submitted to analysis of variance, Tukey?s test and Kruskal-Wallis? test. Statistically significant differences ( p <0.05) were found for microhardness and roughness values, where group 2 presented the highest values (Ra = 0.11 and KHN 50 = 20.20; KHN 100 = 20.96; KHN 200 = 20.88; KHN 400 = 21.01 and KHN 800 = 21.44). Microhardness values in different distances from the metal bar were not significantly different (p <0.05) (group 1: KHN 50 =16.78; KHN 100 = 17.16; KHN 200 = 17.29; KHN 400 = 17.87; KHN 800 = 17.98; and group 3: KHN 50 = 17.07; KHN 3 100 = 17.06; KHN 200 = 17.21; KHN 400 = 17.78; KHN 800 = 17.96). It was concluded that heat-cured in water acrylic resin showed the highest roughness and surface Knoop hardness values when compared to the other groups. Also, metal did not influence acrylic?s hardness values.


protese dentaria resinas acrilicas dentarias resistencia dos minerais fotopolimeros

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