As geociencias na era da informação e a proposta curricular de geografia do ensino fundamental em Minas Gerais / The geociences in the age of information and the proposal of geography curriculum in basic education in Minas Gerais




The Geosciences have been improved in the Information Age, due to technologies that provide data acquisition - in real time and in great volume - on the planetary processes. New concepts on an integrated Earth System, and about the relationship and consequences of human actions have been constructed. This context will surely modify the contemporary society and Education. Teaching and learning of the geography discipline at schools can benefit from these fundamental advances. The research examines consequences of the intervention of the Secretary of Education of Minas Gerais (MG) in the planning development and education management for the last four grades of elementary school (3rd and 4th cycles of basic education) in public schools. In this case study, the object of investigation is the Curriculum Proposal of Geography, known as Basic and Complimentary Contents - BCC - for the State. The starting point for such analysis is the idea that there are connections, inherent to the teaching of science and geography, which can not be ignored at this scale of planning. As a general hypothesis, we think to be possible to evaluate: (1) if the teaching-learning of geography is influenced by a geology knowledge; (2) if the MG case is effectively permeated by this knowledge. If a constrained educational project make this knowledge absent or too much limited, this can lead to difficulties for implementation and/or introduce wrong concepts about the environment as well. The study was conducted using the related legislation, basic documents on Science-Technology-Society and Environment, critical thinking and complementary pedagogical bases. The main conclusions are as follows: the connections with Geosciences are too fragile in the curriculum proposal; this lacking prevents any form of integration. Thus, the planning does not attend the goals of interdisciplinary and transversality, being unable to develop skills in the field of Geosciences needed to offer a minimum understanding of the terrestrial dynamics and the role of the human societies in this context. There are also problems as lack of equipments in schools and imperfect utilization of information technologies, in addition to deficiencies in teacher training. As the time interval needed for production of feasible projects is in the long run, these factors show a worrying scenario for the socio-cultural, political and environmental costs imposed by such planning


tecnologia da informação geosciences information technology geociencias - estudo e ensino

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