Análise da interação entre mãe e a criança durante o atendimento odontológico




A subject of great interest in Psychology applied to Dentistry is the explanation of the children s uncooperative behavior toward the dentist. About 25% of children are uncooperative, which can be understood by the presence of aversive events in the dental context. Children can tolerate these events when they set repertoire of self-control and of following rules, which are learned in early childhood, particularly in the family environment. Thus, the study of mother-child interaction in dental treatment may contribute to understand the differences in behavior among children. Consequently, this research, based on the principles of Behavior Analysis, aimed to analyze the interaction between mothers and their children during dental care. Study participants were: Vitória (5 years old) with her grandmother, Pedro (7 years old), Alice (3 years old), Davi (2 years old) and Lucas (2 years old), with their mothers. Participants selected were children on who needed dental surgical treatment. Each mother-child was filmed in the waiting room, in the first and in the second dental appointments. The results showed that both older children, Vitória and Pedro, cooperated and remained calm during all the treatment. Their mothers had very little interaction with them, probably because these children didn?t need any help. The three earlier children displayed uncooperative behavior in the first visit, with some variations in frequency. Alice and Lucas collaborated in the second dental appointment, their mothers had higher rates of interaction. Davi was the children that displayed longer and more intensive uncooperative behavior in both dental visits, his mother was the least interactive. This data indicate that maternal behavior can affect children s behavior during dental care. Even though children behavior was mainly under control of the dental procedures, mother?s can give instructions and support to help their children. In addition, mothers? great responsibility seems to be in training complex repertoires such as self-control and following rules, which are essential to cope with stressful contexts such as dental treatment. This research may help planning guidelines for parents about how to behave in an appropriate and efficient way during their children?s dental care.


pais e filhos - relações humanas parent-child relations psicologia infantil pedodontics comportamento humano - análise pedodontics pedodontics parent-child relations

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