Análise da expressão imunoistoquímica de proteínas associadas a via de sinalização Wnt/ß-catenina em ameloblastomas sólidos e tumores odontogênicos císticos calcificantes / Analysis of the immunohistochemical expression of proteins associated with Wnt/ß-catenin signaling in ameloblastomas and calcifying cystic odontogenic tumors


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




Ameloblastoma (SMA) is one of the most common odontogenic tumors (OT), and although benign, it may have aggressive clinical behavior, be locally destructive and invasive, while calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor (CCOT) is a benign cystic OT that presents microscopic similarities with AME, but, in general, it has a less aggressive clinical behavior. Wnt/ß--catenin signaling pathway is involved in benign and malignant tumor development and progression, and changes in expression of its proteins have been identified in some OT, probably contributing to their tumoral biologies. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the immunohistochemical expression of markers associated with Wnt/ß--catenin signaling pathway - Wnt1, Wnt5a, ß--catenin and syndecan-1 (SDC-1) - in 17 cases of solid SMA and 6 cases of CCOT. The results showed that in AME, most fo the cases were focally positive for Wnt1 and Wnt5a, ß--catenin was positive in the cytoplasm only or in association with membrane positivity, and SDC-1 had epithelial positivity in 100% of the cases and stromal positivity in 40% of the cases. In CCOT cases, Wnt1 and Wnt5a was of 100% and also included ghost cells. ß--catenin was positive in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus of epithelial cells in most of the cases, and SDC-1 had epithelial positivity in 100% of the cases and stromal positivity in 16.7% of the cases. In conclusion, this study highlighted that Wnt1 and Wnt5a expression was most prominent in CCOT, ß--catenin expression was cytoplasmatic in AME and nuclear in CCOT, and that stromal expression of SDC-1 was most prominent in AME, so, reinforcing Wnt1 and Wnt5 role in CCOT development, ß--catenin role in CCOT and AME development, and stromal SDC-1 role in the AME invasive phenotype. In addition, Wnt1 and Wnt5a expression in ghost cells of CCOT may contribute to this histogenesis. Therefore, Wnt/ß--catenin signaling pathway seems to contribute to solid AME and CCOT development.


sindecana-1 proteína wnt1 beta catenina syndecan-1 wnt1 protein beta catenin

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