Alterações nas caracteristicas da superficie de compositos restauradores sumetidas a diferentes tecnicas de acabamento e polimento / Changes in surface characteristics of restorative composites subjected to different techniques for finishing and polishing




Several changes were made in the light-cured composites resins manufacture, especially trying to obtain better color stability, adequate wear resistance and clinically acceptable surface smoothness. About this, manufacturers have predominantly reduced the diameter of charged particles, promoting changes in its geometry and also incorporating a bigger amount of inorganic components within the resin matrix. Besides the material composition, the procedures of finishing and polishing may influence in the composite resin surface quality, relating directly with roughness. Rough surfaces predispose to the restoration a greater retention of bacterial biofilms, facilitating the development of secondary caries, discoloration and staining as well as interfering in their brilliance and aesthetic. In this context, this thesis intends to qualitatively evaluate the surface topography of microhybrid and nanoparticle composite resins, in different combinations for polishing techniques of resin composites. With instructional purposes, this thesis was divided into 3 parts, as described below. Part 1: assessing the influence that different finishing and polishing techniques have on the surface roughness of a nanoparticle composite resin. Part 2: compare the color stability and the surface feature promoted by finishing and polishing techniques of single or multiple steps in nanoparticulate and microhybrid resins, correlating with composite resins geometry and inorganic particles composition. Part 3: assess in a quantitatively and qualitatively way, through surface roughness and electron microscopy scanning, respectively, the effect of different finishing and polishing techniques of hybrid and microhybrid composite resins. There is a direct relationship between finishing and polishing systems and resins surface quality. Systems of multiple steps tend to be better when compared to single step systems, regardless to the type of the resin used. The shape and diameter of charged particles influence on the smoothness and staining, nanoparticulate resins present better surface smoothness and color stability in relation to micro-hybrid resins. Smoothness and staining are materials and polishing dependents.


nanotecnologia rugosidade de superficie polimento dentario resinas compostas nanotechnology surface roughness dental polishing composite resins

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