Alterações musculoesqueleticas de risco para quedas em mulheres na pos-menopausa com osteoporose




Introduction: The life expectance increase has to rase the incidence of olders age diseases such as osteoporosis. However the musculosketetal changes doesn´t knowed. Objective: this study aimed to investigate the musculoskeletal changes among post menopausal women with and without osteoporosis. Subjects and methods: it is a comparative cross-sectional study. The sample was constituted of 63 women in the CAISM/UNICAMP post menopausal ambulatory, which 30 with densitometric diagnosis of osteoporosis in the spine (mean age: 55.76) and 33 without osteoporosis (mean age: 57.40). All subjects were submitted to a questionaire and a physical evaluation, which consist of the strength of back flexors and extensors (Daniels muscles test), upper body range of motion (fleximeter), thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis degree (Cobb), and static and dynamic equilíbrium (Romberg test). Results: the mean age of the post menopausal women with osteoporosis was 57.40, while the women without osteoporosis was 55.76 (p=0.35) and the mean of the menopause time was 11 years to two groups (p=0.97). The mean of strength of back extensors and flexors muscles of upper body were less in women with osteoporosis (p<0.01). At upper body flexion was not verified any significant changes in rang of motion, as the upper body extention women with osteoporosis showed range of motion of the 20.5° and the women without osteoporosis showed 28.4° (p<0,01). The greatest thoracic kyphosis of T1 to T4 (p<0.01) and lumbar lordosis (p=0.02) degree was noticed in women with steoporosis. About equilibrium, 73.3% of the women with osteoporosis and 78,8% without osteoporosis showed a good static equilibrium and dinamic were poor in both groups. It was not verified any significant changes in both equilibrium. 20% of the women with osteoporosis had fractures and the women without osteoporosis hadn´t fractures. Conclutions: these results suggest a distinctive least of the musculoskeletal conditions in women with post menopausal osteoporosis. The musculosketetal changes can increase the risk of a fall and consequently of fracture. These observations can recomend exercise intervention for osteoporotic women.


osteoporose amplitude de movimento articular mulheres

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