Agricultura Familiar, ExtensÃo Rural e Sistemas Agroflorestais: a experiÃncia do CAV no Alto Jequitinhonha. / Household farming, rural extension and agroforest systems: the CAV experience in Alto Jequitinhonh




Agroforest system (SAF) is an agricultural production technique in which woody arboreal species (fruit and/or wood bearing trees) combine with temporary croppings of annual cycle. SAFs have the capacity, along their management, to make productive degraded areas, improving their productive and ecological use. One has, then, an important tool apropriate for familiar farmers as a basis for public programs for combatting rural poverty, feeding safety, conservation of natural resources and environmental education. In Alto Vale do Jequitinhonha region, the SAFÂs practice was proposed by the Centro de Agricyultura Alternativa Vicente Nica (Vicente Nica Alernative Farming Center), CAV, seeking the recovery of the intensament degraded and exploited areas, known in the place as peladores, in order to turn them into productive areas. SAF, in addition to its gains in the environmental and economic aspects constitutes as a space of technical innovation for the family and community. In this sense, its possibilities of irradiating innovating effects inside the community, both from the perspective of the farmer practicing SAF and from the perspective of the farmer not practicing SAFs, but who live in the same community: to what extent SAF manages to establish dialogues, exemplify, potentiate working progams associated with innovation or to environmental conservation. It was also aimed to investigate to what extent the accumulation of experiences lived by the monitorial farmers of SAF presents potential to influence local public programs and to build new participations with the organization nets of the twons which are constituent of it. The research was carried out in seven rural communities of the town of Turmalina, Minas Novas, Chapada do Norte, Veredinha and Leme do Prado, where there was the participation of professionals and students of the Universidade Federal de Lavras (Nucleo de Pesquisa e Apoio à Agricultura Familiar = Nucleus of Resarch and Support to Household Farming) in eight agroforest systems of production. CAV technicians and household farmers (monitors and non-monitors of CAV) in eight agroforest systems of production. Among the results, the inovation in the working methodology adopted by CAV stands out, where the monitors, with their knowledge and techniques, are actors of fundamental importance in the construction of developmental policies. The farmers are the experimenters of the SAFs techniques, giving opinions and adaptating the technique to the several socio-environmental realities of the production units. In this way, the adaptating of the technique has become more effective and the monitors transmit to their peers a lived technique, knowing in details both the benefits and difficulties of this proposal of agroecologic production. That capacitating process also gives the farmers technical condition to propose to the government agencies or to the organized civil society, the construction of developmentl programs based on the reality of the site. The work with SAF enabled the construction of spaces of laborers qualification, of communitarian organization, of joint reflection of new projects. The processes of production and adaptation of innoavations, as in the case of SAF, can grow and gain efficiency and embracing, their being enhanced and enriched by the support of public power or by collective learning processes and/or of organization, favoring the dialogue, the interchange and sociabilization of the experiences and knowledge of both farmers and technicians.



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