A violencia notificada contra a criança e o adolescente na familia : quando tudo começa em casa




The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychosocial aspects of dom estie violence practiced against children and adolescents. Various aspects of life affect the family and produce this phenomenon, which cannot be understood without considering the situations in which these families live and the effect it has on their relationships. An investigation was conducted of the demographic, socioeconomic, environrnental and cultural aspects of families with reports of domestic violence and families where there was no domestic violence. The objective was to identify the influence of these aspects on the phenomenon of violence. A survey of the personality traits of the children and (or) adolescents, the victims and the non -victims, was conducted. The domestic aggressors were identified through the reports registered at institutions and based on the victims accusations. The study sample consisted of 154 families with reports of domestic violence registered at different institutions (SOS Woman and Family and Crami ); 119 families with no reports of domestic violence; 199 children and adolescents who had suffered domestic violence; and 146 children and adolescents against whom no domestic violence was practiced up to this date. The adults, children and adolescents belonging to the SOS Woman and Family and Crami groups and the children in the control group were interviewed at their homes using semi- structured interviews to collect data. These interviews consisted of open and closed questions on the life history ofthese families and their inter- relationships (dating, marriage, pregnancies , relationships etc.) and also included specific as well as general questions on the different aspects of domestic violence. Quantitative analysis was carried out using non parametric statistical methods and qualitative analysis by analyzing the most frequent topics that appeared in the reports submitted by family members on domestic violence against children and (or) adolescents. When families with cases of violence against children and (or) adolescents were compared to families without any history of violence, the most predominant risk factors were marital violence (aggressions with or without lesions), domestic violence by parents and for members responsible for the family, tumultuous pregnancies accompanied by emotional problems and poor performance at school. When this group of children and adolescents who had suffered domestic violence were compared with the control group they did not present any psychological disorders (F80 - 89) or behavioral and emotional problems that common1y appear during childhood and adolescence and hamper their psychosocial development.The most effective measures for preventing and facing domestic violence are interdisciplinary action and the wholehearted participation ofthe entire society


psicologia social crianças - maus-tratos

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