A Self-Assembled AMF-Responsive Nanoplatform Based on Pillar[5]arene and Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles for Controlled Release of Doxorubicin


J. Braz. Chem. Soc.




An alternating magnetic field (AMF)-stimuli responsive nanodevice based on magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) functionalized with water-soluble carboxylate-substituted pillar[5]arene (CP[5]A), namely MNP-CP[5]A, as a multiplatform for cancer treatment has been designed. MNP-CP[5]A was loaded with doxorubicin (DOX), showing a loading capacity of 9.5 mg g-1. The nanodevice demonstrated good colloidal stability, superparamagnetic behavior, and was capable to generate detectable heat in solution induced by AMF application. DOX release, monitored by ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy, was investigated by varying the temperature (37 and 45 °C) without AMF and in the presence of AMF (frequency (f) = 307 kHz, field amplitude (H) = 200 Oe, 45 °C) at pH = 7.4. Thermo-induced DOX release without AMF was 1.9% (1.8 μg mL-1) and 2.3% (3.3 μg mL-1) at 37, and 45 °C within 50 min, respectively. In an AMF DOX release increased to 5.7% (8.2 μg mL-1) within 50 min. Therefore, MNP-CP[5]A-DOX works as a chemo-hyperthermia nanodevice.

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