A Harris-Todaro agent-based model to rural-urban migration
Espíndola, Aquino L., Silveira, Jaylson J., Penna, T. J. P.
Brazilian Journal of Physics
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
The Harris-Todaro model of the rural-urban migration process is revisited under an agent-based approach. The migration of the workers is interpreted as a process of social learning by imitation, formalized by a computational model. By simulating this model, we observe a transitional dynamics with continuous growth of the urban fraction of overall population toward an equilibrium. Such an equilibrium is characterized by stabilization of rural-urban expected wages differential (generalized Harris-Todaro equilibrium condition), urban concentration and urban unemployment. These classic results obtained originally by Harris and Todaro are emergent properties of our model.