A ética como elemento de harmonia social em Santo Agostinho




The present work, the ethics as element of social harmony in Saint Augustine, tries to demonstrate that love is the distinctive sign of the citizens of the Celestial City and the foundation of the morals not only individual but also of the human society and it aims the search of mens happiness. Love generates the concordance that is the basis of a fair society in a social plan. That way, Augustine makes the social order a prolongation of the interior moral order, and the organization of men in society, based on love, does not have any purpose other than guaranteeing peace or true happiness. This dissertation is formed by three chapters: in the first chapter the paths of Saint Augustines life are described, and in him the man Augustine identifies himself, identifies the mans humanity at any time or context. In the second and third chapters the principles of the Augustinian ethics and its social dimension that is love are approached. Studying the ethics as element of social harmony in Saint Augustine is studying the problem of love. For him, love comes within the human nature. It is a natural appetite, presupposed by the free will, which must guide him to God, illuminated by the natural light of reason. Love is, therefore, an activity due to the own human being. Love is, in this sense, a kind of desire. The desire is a tendency that disturbs the man, making him wish to possess all those things that are different from himself, having as a final objective to make him happy. However, for the man to be truly happy it is necessary that, through virtue, he organize his love-desire in relation to all the things, and guide him to God, the only one capable of fully satisfying him. In Augustines thoughts, love is intrinsic to the human being from whom it cannot be split. And if there is a problem, it cannot be concerned to love itself, nor to the necessity of loving, but only to the chosen object to be loved, to the value or intensity that is given to the loved object, because it is a gift itself. Within the principle of the order of the beings, love is the parameter for the hierarchy of values of the things to be loved. In this hierarchy God comes in first place. He must be loved with all efforts. For Augustine, the strongest power of the interior moral is love expressed in the double precept of charity: You shall love the Lord your God with your whole heart, and with your whole soul, and with your whole mind, and with your whole strength; you shall love your neighbor as yourself.


agostinho, santo, bispo de hipona felicidade filosofia amor padres da igreja Ética

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