A construção da prática do professor de educação infantil: um trabalho crítico-colaborativo
Regiane Ibanhez Gimenes Berni
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
This research aimed to investigate the pedagogical practice of a pre-school teacher to criate possibilities of transformation of her practice. The consistency between the theory and the practice, based on critical reflection (Smyth, 1992), guided this work paper. The Political Pedagogical Project occurred as an initial instrument in this context once it has the theoretic approach of the institution where the research started and it also gave support to reflection which is necessary to the pedagogical teaching transformation process (Magalhães, 2004 and Liberali, 2004). As an important part of the theoretical framework of this research, it was used the operationalization of the critical reflection in four nonhierarchical actions (describing, informing, confronting and rebuilding) organized by Smyth (1992) through the use of the contributions from Freire (1970). It was also considered the importance of the role of the other and the language in the learning process, widely discussed in the studies of Vygotsky (1930-1933, 1934), in the scenario of the socio-historic-cultural theory and since then, the concept of mediation became overriding to examine the interactions involved. Studies about the question based on authors like Coracini (2002), Méndez (2002) and Mackay (2001) were used to establish the categories of analysis and contribute in the corresponding discussions. This research started in the first semester of 2005 in a public district pre-school in the city of Mauá, state of São Paulo, and operates in the scenario of critical research of collaboration once it counts on the contribution of the people involved in a process of joint responsibility to carry out the paper, as said by Magalhães (1996) and Cole &Knowles (1993). Besides the researcher, another teacher took part in the process as a focal participant. The data was collected from diary studies, audio and video footage of the classes and meetings of reflexive session. The data analysis deepened according to the theoretical basis, taking into account the search for answers to the questions of the research. The result of the analysis highlighted several conflicts observed in the pedagogical practice, however the collaboration represented a meaningful knowledge building methodology in the training process of the teacher, considering the actions of the critical reflection useful tools in this process due to the developments achieved
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