A concordância verbal de terceira pessoa do plural na fala de crianças de uma creche comunitária de Porto Alegre : aprendizagem de uma regra variável


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




This work aims at describing and analyzing the use of variable third person plural agreement in the speech of Brazilian children, between the ages of 3 and 6. . The sample is constituted by data from thirty children, stratified in three age groups, 3, 4 and 5 years old, and by gender, fifteen boys and fifteen girls, belonging to a lower socioeconomic class community in the city of Porto Alegre. The data were generated specifically for the quantitative analyses of variable agreement. The data generation was performed in interaction sessions between child and researcher, through activities specifically elaborated to this end. In order to establish a descriptive picture of the community social constitution and, therefore, support the analyses of social variables, interpretative data were also generated, through techniques of participant observation. The data analyses was performed through quantitative methodology, and, in order to achieve it, the statistical analyses software GOLDVARB was used. The interpretation of the statistical results was based on previous studies regarding the variable system of verbal agreement in data of middle class children, as well as research concerning this linguistic system in other Brazilian communities, focused on adults¿ data. The results have shown that the production of the third person plural suffix is influenced by linguistic and discursive factors (phonic salience, verbal tense, tonicity, type of subject, subject position and focalization) described for adult speech, as well as social factors (researcher, age group and mother¿s occupation) related to the socioeconomic dynamics of the community where the children live. In general, regarding the linguistic variables, the linguistic behavior observed in our data is not significantly different from that of middle class children observed in previous studies, neither from middle class adults. The results concerning social variables indicate that there are specific sociolinguistic variation patterns in childhood. The analysis has shown that the children here focused, regarding the observed variable, are aware of their families¿ social conditions in local terms, as well as of literate experiences both in school and in the urban society more widely.


concordância verbal aquisição da linguagem língua portuguesa verbo fala crianças creche comunitária ensino e aprendizagem porto alegre (rs)

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