A concordancia de numero no sintagma nominal na fala urbana de Rio Branco




This work deals with the description and analysis of number agreement in the noun phrase (NP) in a variety of Brazilian Portuguese, based on a corpus of recorded oral speech of lower class inhabitants of the city of Rio Branco (the capital of Acre - a Brazilian state in the Amazon). It follows the Quantitative Sociolinguistics model of data processing combined with some aspects of the linguistic functionalistic theory. The introduction of the theoretical framework within which theinvestigation is developed is followed by the description and analysis of the linguistic variable Phonetic Saliency comprising three main dimensions: Morphophonological processes in plural formation the tonic accent Position, and Number of syllables of the lexical item in its singular form. Besides these dimensions, other linguistic factors are considered, such as, the phonetic/phonological Environment after the item, the linear Position of the constituents of the NP, the grammatical Class, and the plural Marks preceding the item under analysis. The social variables studied were Sex, individual Performance, and level of Schooling, subdivided in three categories: (a) illiterate, (b) one to four years of primary school instruction, and (c) one to four years ofhigh school instruction. The results of the analysis were then compared with those of tive other studies on the same subject in order to fmd out possible generalizations concerning the behavior of nominal agreement in Brazilian Portuguese. The correlation of linguistic and social variables with the formal marking of plural in the NP shows that agreement in the NP in Brazilian Portuguese is a case of synchronic variation rule, favoring the tendency to guarantee the presence of plural indication in the first constituent of the NP, and to significantly reduce the nominal inflection marks in the other elements


sociolinguistica lingua portuguesa - concordancia

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