A beacon for the COVID-19 epidemic control in Brasil: seroepidemiological population-based surveys


Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras.




SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Hypospadias is the most common malformation of the male genitalia. Surgical correction has traditionally focused on anatomic and functional outcomes, with less attention being paid to cosmetic results. Our purpose is to compare the cosmetic results of hypospadias repair among different groups of observers, namely the patient’s family and the health care team, using photography and a simple rating scale. METHODS: Prospective observational study included 9 boys undergoing Snodgrass hypospadias repair. Photographs of the penis taken before, immediately after, and six months after surgery were assessed by a panel of 15 observers (parents and health care team) and a scale including three questions with diagrams for comparison with the pictures was used. Observers also assigned an overall postoperative score for the cosmetic result. RESULTS: Interobserver agreement was noted for the group of parents of other children with hypospadias regarding the shape of the glans (k=0.404; p=0.008) and for the group of pediatric surgeons regarding the degree of residual curvature (k=0.467; p=0.005). Two observers in the pediatrician group have indicated good performance in the assessment of residual curvature (k=0.609; P=0.024). In the overall assessment of cosmetic outcomes, the highest scores were assigned by observers in the parents group and in the pediatrician group, while the pediatric surgeons group has one of the lowest scores (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Photography appears to be suitable for documenting corrections of hypospadias regarding penile curvature, and postoperative cosmetic result. Surgeons seem more concerned about cosmesis than parents.

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