A aplicação de mecanismos economicos para assegurar a reabilitação dos impactos socioambientais causadas pela mineração de saibro no municipio de Ubatuba/SP / The application of economic mechanics to ensure the rehabilitation of socioenvironmental impacts impacts caused by residual soil ("SAIBRO")




The small scale mining industry is substantially pertinent for the social and economic development of the country. Nonetheless, this activity has been frequently associated with adverse social and environmental impacts. There is a growing concern from the society, which is expressed in the regulatory sectors, that aims to properly rehabilitate mined areas. This thesis presents a study of a case in the city of Ubatuba, SP, involving clay (residual soil) mining, presenting the social and environmental impacts resulted from such activity. It also exposes the mechanisms that could be employed to assure the recovery of areas utilized by the clay mining industry. In the context of Ubatuba, there were few instruments available in the market that were identified. It was found in the Federal Constitution that the city could legislate in favor of its own interests, thus being allowed to create norms for the mining branch with active in its territory. The suggested instruments were financial security, surety bonds and guaranty, all involving direct and indirect costs that could incur over the operator as a result of employing such instruments of financial security. Finally, a suggestion of a system of financial security for the city of Ubatuba, SP is presented


impacto ambiental - ubatuba (sp) politica mineral - aspectos ambientais meio ambiente - aspectos sociais mineral policy environment environmental impact

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