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Olhares sobre a educação bilingue e seus professores em uma região de Moçambique / Views about bilingual education and its teachers on region in Mozambique




The focal point of this work is on the construction of meanings of bilingual education and the bilingual teacher in Mozambique. It takes into account the point of view of professionals acting as officials of education and non-governmental organizations and representatives of the civil society specially parents, students, community leaders and the teacher him/herself. The research is mainly an ethnographic one and therefore a field work was carried out to generate data for analyses and was done through audio recording, interviews and discussions with teachers and other participants, observations of bilingual and monolingual classes and field taken notes. The study of documentation was also done as part of the body of the work. From the theoretical point of view, this applied research was based on some ethnographic research theories (Erickson, 1982; Mason, 1997; Cavalcanti, 1991, 1999, 2006), on bilinguals and bilingual education (Grosjean, 1982; Hamel, 1989; Baker 1993; Romaine, 1995; Hornberger 2003) and bilingual education in the context of minorities or majorities treated as minorities with emphasis on teacher training (Cavalcanti, 1999, 2006; Maher 1997, 2006), and considerations on the concept of representation (Hall, 1996; Woodward, 1997; Silva, 2000) as well as over the sociolinguistic context in Africa and Mozambique (Bamgbose, 1991; Lopes 2004). As a result the study shows that the construction of meanings of bilingual education and bilingual teacher develops in a different socio-linguist context setting up an environment where the teacher and bilingual education are seen as good a thing by local communities in Mozambique where local languages have prestige and by the contrary in urban areas. In urban areas there is some reserve towards local languages and very little impact on bilingual education. The official discourse and the documentation on curriculum development for basic education seem to recognize bilingual education and the bilingual teacher. However, when it comes to the implementation in a much large scale of this policy almost nothing is done. It is for that reason that the space of bilingual education in Mozambique is incipient. However, some steps are being taken for the gradual development of bilingual education


bilinguismo multilinguismo bilingualism multilingualism educação bilingue professores de linguas bilingual education language teachers