Modelagem e simulação da operação de sistema antigelo eletrotérmico de um aerofólio. / Modeling and simlulation of an electro-thermal airfoil anti-ice system operation.




An electro-thermal anti-ice system was simulated with a mathematical model developed in the present work. A 44.7 m/s (100 mph) and 89.4 m/s (200 mph) full potential flow around a 0.914 m (3 ft) chord NACA0012 airfoil with 0° angle of attack and the local water catch efficiency of 20 μm median volumetric diameter droplets impingement were calculated by the numerical code ONERA2D. Four test conditions were simulated with four different heat flux distributions of the anti-ice system according to the experimental work developed at NASA. The model predicted distributions of solid surface and liquid water film temperatures, runback water flow and convection heat transfer coefficient between airfoil or water surface and gaseous flow. The simulated results obtained by the mathematical model developed were compared to NASA experimental results and the ones predicted by the numerical codes LEWICE/ANTICE (US) and CANICE (Canada). For the regions wetted by the water film, the present model provided 2.6°C maximum temperature deviations between the predicted results and experimental data. For the dry regions, where there is no liquid water on the airfoil surface, an 8°C maximum temperature deviation was obtained. The runback flow and water film ending point position were compared to LEWICE/ANTICE numerical results. The developed model predicts adequately the convection heat and mass transfer effects between the non-isothermal airfoil or liquid water film surface and the gaseous flow, as well the effects of laminar to turbulent flow transition within dynamic and thermal boundary layer and the influence of the liquid water film flow on the anti-ice system performance.


antigelo heat transfer airfoil camada limite thermal simulation formação de gelo icing mass transfer transferência de massa anti-ice simulação térmica boundary layer proteção contra gelo laminar-turbulent transition transferência de calor aeronaves aerofólios transição laminar-turbulenta aircraft ice protection