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Fatores associados à Infecção pelo vírus da diarreia viral bovina e pelo Herpesvírus Bovino tipo 1 em rebanhos leiteiros da Mesorregião Centro-Oriental do Rio Grande do Sul
Igor Cesar Santos de Miranda
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
The dairy cattle is important to supply the Brazilian market, with the state of Rio Grande do Sul as the second largest producer. Viral diseases cause several damages in the bovine production. In order to maintain and improve the level of production, it becomes important to establish health programs that allow the control of diseases that can result in large economic losses. For the success of such programs, it is important to take into account the knowledge of the epidemiology of the disease in conjunction with appropriate laboratory techniques, and risk factors associated with persistence of the virus in the herd. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence and risk factors for the bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1) in unvaccinated dairy herds of a cooperative of milk producers in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Bulk tank milk samples from 281 dairy herds selected by simple random sampling were tested for BVDV antibodies using a commercial ELISA kit and against the glycoprotein B of BoHV-1 using a commercial ELISA kit of blocking. In each assessed property, we applied an epidemiological questionnaire to investigate risk factors for these diseases. A herd prevalence of 42.70% (120/281, 95% CI: 36% - 48%) for BVDV infection and 27.88% (75/269, 95% CI: 22% - 33%) for BoHV-1 were observed in the studied population. Among the risk factors evaluated, the use of artificial insemination was considered as a risk factor for infection with bovine viral diarrhea virus and pigs on the property have been considered as a protective factor for infection by bovine herpesvirus type 1. The present study identified 10.3% of herds with active BVDV infection and a moderate prevalence for both diseases in a population of small dairy herds reared in semi-intensive systems of production which do not use specific measures to control infection.