Efecto del Gas de Protección, Ángulos de Trabajo y Desplazamiento sobre las Características de Juntas de Filete Obtenidas por GMAW en un Acero Microaleado de Alta Resistencia


Soldagem & Inspeção


Abstract: The fillet joint is one of the most used in several industries, particularly in the agricultural machinery. However, many times, the complexity of the parts to be joined difficult welder accessibility, therefore working and travel angles are important variables to analyze. Furthermore, in GMAW process, employing shielding gas mixture Ar-20%CO2 has increased at expense of 100%CO2, requiring in general electrical parameters adjustment. In addition, incorporating new higher strength materials also requires optimizing the welding procedure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two shielding gases (Ar-20%CO2 and 100%CO2), three work angles (30, 45 and 60º) and two travel angles (45º for push welding and 60º for drag welding) on the dimensional aspects and mechanical properties of joints, obtained by GMAW on a microalloyed high strength steel. The highest levels of penetration corresponded to the samples welded by drag welding and CO2. The reinforcement was lower for pushing welding condition and mixture shield gases. The weld metal microhardness, to similar work angles, was higher for the gas mixture in all cases. Performance index were developed to consider the several geometrical aspect of the joints. They were correlated whit mechanical properties showing a good agreement.

Documentos Relacionados