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Currículo, planejamento pedagógico e cotidiano na pré-escola: do prescrito-planejado ao experenciado-vivido
Beatriz de Oliveira Abuchaim
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
Considering the huge increase in Early Childhood Education (ECE) coverage in Brazil in the last few decades, it has become very important for Brazilian researchers to study the quality of this education. That is, to describe which are the social and learning opportunities available for children in ECE institutions. Many studies have shown that educational practices quality is strongly related to a well-structured curriculum and good pedagogical planning, which responds to curriculum prescriptions and also to childrens interests. Having said that, this research aimed to study how the curriculum is transposed into a pedagogical planning and then into everyday life in a pre-school. Two ECE institutions were investigated in São Paulo, using the case study methodology. Data were collected by means of interviews with teachers, supervisors and directors. Observations were made to describe the everyday life of preschool groups. The following documents were analyzed: municipal curriculum, ECE institution curriculum and pedagogical planning of the classrooms observed. The results indicate that teachers play a crucial role to implement the curriculum in everyday life. In their work, they usually try to compose a practice based on childrens interests, conceptions of the curriculum and their own conceptions about Education. In this process, the activity of planning is considered important in order to provide moments for teachers to think over their practices, once they have time to: write about the past and project the future; debate with the team about daily events and do research to support their work