Alimentação fora do lar e sua relação com a qualidade da dieta de moradores do município de São Paulo: Estudo ISA - Capital / Food consumption away from home and its relation to the dietary quality in São Paulo: study ISA-capital






Background. Diet is considered by the World Health Organization a major modifiable risk factors for chronic diseases, emphasizing the importance of understanding the feeding habits and their determinants in the current epidemiological scenario. However little is known about the nutritional characteristics and the characteristics of users of food away from home. O bjective. To investigate the nutritional quality of food away from home and their relationship to social, demographic and lifestyle. Methods. Crosssectional study, a population-based, through a household survey with a sample of 232 adolescents (12-19 years), 602 adults and elderly (20 years or more) of both sexes. Dietary intake was measured by application of 24hR by phone. The overall dietary quality was assessed by the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index Revised (B-HEIR) and the Meal Quality Index (MQI) was used to evaluate dietary quality of the main meals. The association between the B-HEIR and the MQI was assessed by linear regression analysis. The proportion of people that consumed meals away from home and its association with the social, demographic and lifestyle were analyzed by Poisson regression with robust variance. Results. Among the 834 respondents, 32 per cent had at least one meal away from home. The average energy consumption per meal away from home was 628 kcal (sd 101kcal), about 35 per cent of the average daily consumption reported in this population. Statistically significant associations were found between food consumption away from home and overweight. It was observed the presence of both food markers of a healthy diet, such as rice and beans as food components of a unhealthy diet as soft drinks, snacks, sandwiches and pizzas. The average MQI score of lunch consumed away from home was lower than lunch at home, with higher amounts of total and saturated fats. Have lunch away from home was associated with the MQI score. Conclusion. Our findings suggest that eating meals away from home can contribute as a modifiable risk factor for chronic diseases, with higher levels of total and saturated fat. However, the meals consumed at home also need improvement


alimentação fora do lar diet feeding away from home food habits hábitos alimentares qualidade da dieta

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